On the very right of this post I’ve had a “Upcoming posts” section for the longest time. I added it, and then ignored it? Now that doesn’t seem fair at all. First order of business: A/V-겠다

So far I’ve encountered two uses for this pattern but I think there is a few more, possibly if combined with other particles or patterns.

Use #1: Expressing the intention or will of the speaker.
This use roughly translates to “I will…”, “I am going to…” or “I plan to…”. This form is actually seen in some of the most commonly known idioms. See sentence 1 of the examples below!

Regular form Negated form
A/V + 겠다 A/V + (안 겠다) / (-지 않겠다)

An important thing to note for this use is that it can’t be used when the subject is in the third person.

Examples:

Sentence
1 I will eat well. / I will enjoy the food.
먹겠습니다
2 저는 내일부터 게임을 덜 하겠어요.
Starting tomorrow, I will play games less often.
3 오늘 밤에 한국 음식점에 갈 거예요. 그래서 요리하지 않겠어요.
I am going to a Korean restaurant tonight. So I will not cook today.

Use #2: Expressing a supposition or making a conjecture.
This use can for example be used to state assumptions or inferring things. It corresponds to “to look / seem like”, “to sound like” or “to appear like”. It can also be used in the past tense. As far as I can tell though, the past tense conjugation is not frequently used. (Google results counting, maybe it’s a colloquial thing.)

Present tense Past tense
A/V + 겠다 A/V + 았/었 + 겠다

Examples:

Sentence
1 That test seems really difficult.
그 시험이 아주 힘들겠어요.
2 The food on the restaurant menu looks good. Right?
외식메뉴에 음식이 맛있겠어요. 그렇죠?
3 She must have left.
그 여자는 떠났겠다.

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